Vidin is one of the smallest regions of Bulgaria. The north-westernmost part of the country is bordered by Serbia to the west and the Danube River and Romania to the north.
Baba Vida is a medieval fortress and a major attraction of the region, built on the bank of the Danube River. It is the only completely preserved fortress in the entire country. Its construction began in the 10th century on the site of a former ancient Roman watchtower - Bononia.
The Belogradchik Rocks are rock formations located on the slopes of the Balkan Mountains. The rocks form various recognizable shapes, such as Pine Stone, Bear, Dervish, Nun, Mushrooms, Adam and Eve, and Schoolgirl. Locals tell many legends about the origin of the formations. The color of the rocks varies from yellow to red, with heights up to 200 m. The shaping of the rocks began around 230 million years ago.
Not far from the famous rocks lies the Belogradchik Fortress. The original fortress was constructed during the rule of Roman Empire. The walls of the fortress were built only from southeast to northwest, using the Belogradchik rocks as natural defensive walls on other sides of the fortress.
The Magura Cave is 2,5 km (1,6 mi) long, near the town of Belogradchik. Magura is the most important post-Paleolithic painted cave in Europe. The paintings represent hunting scenes, rituals, and (according to some scientists) a solar calendar.
The economy of the region relies on agriculture, trade and tourism. The region is known for its high-quality wines.