The marvelous rock-formations

Vidin is one of the smallest regions of Bulgaria. The north-westernmost part of the country is bordered by Serbia to the west and the Danube River and Romania to the north.


Baba Vida is a medieval fortress and a major attraction of the region, built on the bank of the Danube River. It is the only completely preserved fortress in the entire country. Its construction began in the 10th century on the site of a former ancient Roman watchtower - Bononia.


The Belogradchik Rocks are rock formations located on the slopes of the Balkan Mountains. The rocks form various recognizable shapes, such as Pine Stone, Bear, Dervish, Nun, Mushrooms, Adam and Eve, and Schoolgirl. Locals tell many legends about the origin of the formations. The color of the rocks varies from yellow to red, with heights up to 200 m. The shaping of the rocks began around 230 million years ago.


Not far from the famous rocks lies the Belogradchik Fortress. The original fortress was constructed during the rule of Roman Empire. The walls of the fortress were built only from southeast to northwest, using the Belogradchik rocks as natural defensive walls on other sides of the fortress.


The Magura Cave is 2,5 km (1,6 mi) long, near the town of Belogradchik. Magura is the most important post-Paleolithic painted cave in Europe. The paintings represent hunting scenes, rituals, and (according to some scientists) a solar calendar.


The economy of the region relies on agriculture, trade and tourism. The region is known for its high-quality wines. 


Regional stories

Poverty in Balkan Countries
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

The poverty rate is the share of households that are below the poverty line which is defined as 60% of the median household income. 

Data shows Macedonia to be the Balkan country with highest percent population living on or below the poverty line (27.1%). Second highest poverty rate belongs to Serbia - 24.6%. Situation in Serbia has reached the point where the ministry od labour and social affairs alarmed that 400,000 children are living in poverty. The...

Bulgarian Border Population Loss Regions
By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

The Balkan Peninsula is the European region known for its persistent negative population growth. Beside the largest number of deaths versus births, migration is one of the reasons for decreasing number of residents of the Balkans.

Some of the main demographic indicators related to population quantity are natural increase rate and population change. Natural increase rate is the difference between the number of births and deaths per 1,000 residents. Population change is the difference between the population number in two periods, divided by the earlier one. Population change is represented in percentages. Bulgarian Border Region comprises 23 regions of Bulgaria (11), Macedonia (3), Serbia (7) and Turkey (2).

Unlike many European countries with low or negative natural...