Women's Political Participation in the Balkans

Mon, 10/26/2015 - 11:10 By Sanja Stamenkovic, Jefferson Institute

Gender equality is the pursiut for equal treatment of men and women. One of the key aspects of gender equality is the decision making. When deciding about the future, there is no better place to be than in the political leadership of the country.  

Although the years when women had to fight for their rights to vote are behind us, there are still some leftovers of patriarchy that are trying to keep women from actively participating in the political life of the Balkans. For this reason, some of the countries introduced gender quota system, to ensure critical minority (30-40%) of women in the decision making. 

Accorrding to the World Bank, the highest rate of women in ministerial level position is in the Slovenian government (43,8%). Bulgarian and Albanian government have 35% women in ministerial level positions. In the governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Hungary women do not participate in ministerial level positions. 

When it comes to national parliaments, the highest percent of women is in Slovenian (36,7%), Serbian (34%), and Macedonian (33,3%) parliaments. The lowest ration of women is in paliaments of Hungary (10.1), Romania (13,7%) and Montenegro (17,3%). 

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